ALBAHA UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF BASIC AND APPLIED SCIENCES
Albaha University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences (BUJBAS) publishes English language, peer-reviewed papers focused on the integration of all areas of sciences and their application. Supporting the concept of interdisciplinary BUJBAS welcomes submissions in various academic areas such as medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, biology, agriculture, veterinary medicine, chemistry, mathematics, physics, engineering, computer sciences and geology.
BUJBAS publishes original articles, short communications, review articles, and case reports.
The absolute criteria of acceptance for all papers are the quality and originality of the research.
BUJBAS is published by Albaha University. For queries related to the journal, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Ghanem M. A. Al-Ghamdi, Saudi Arabia
Ossama B. S. Abouelatta, Egypt
Saeed A. Al-Ghamdi, Saudi Arabia
Ossama M. Badawy, Egypt
Karlo Ayuel, South Sudan
Farooq A. Salama, Pakistan
Haytham M. Albengawi, Sudan
Contributions falling into the following categories will be considered for publication: including original research papers, reviews, and letters to the editor.
Author(s) should ensure selecting the appropriate article type from the list of options when making their submission. Authors contributing to special issues should ensure that they select the special issue article type from this list.
The author(s) are entirely responsible for the scientific ethics and the accuracy of statements and data contained in the manuscript.
If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html; EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/legislation_en.htm; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Albaha University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences http://sj.bu.edu.sa.
Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by a detection service.
All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.
Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.
Authors are requested to complete the copyright form when submitting a manuscript. When the manuscript accepted, the authors agree that the copyright for their paper is transferred to BUJBAS. All forms of reproduction of text, figures or tables out of this journal are prohibited without permission from the publisher.
Author or his employer or institution has the right to reuse the work. Authors transfer copyright to the publisher as part of a journal publishing agreement, but have the right to:
Retain patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights (including raw research data).
Proper attribution and credit for the published work.
Author(s) are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.
Every peer-reviewed research article appearing in this journal will be published open access. This means that the article is universally and freely accessible via the internet in perpetuity, in an easily readable format immediately after publication. The author does not have any publication charges for open access.
Please write your text in English (American or British is accepted, but not a mixture of these).
Submission to this journal proceeds totally online. Use the following guidelines to prepare your article. Via the homepage of this journal (http://sj.bu.edu.sa) you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. The system automatically converts source files to a single Adobe Acrobat PDF version of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail and via the author's homepage, removing the need for a hard-copy paper trail. If you are unable to provide an electronic version, please contact the editorial office prior to submission [email@example.com].
On first submitting an article, authors must suggest the names of five potential referees. The suggestions should include names e-mail addresses and details of their affiliations. Authors should only include suggested reviewers with whom they have no previous working relationship. It is at the discretion of the Editors as to whether any of these referees are used to review the manuscript.
This journal operates a single blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper.
The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding the acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final.
It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts.
To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.
Subdivision - numbered sections
Article should be divided into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
A theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results should be clear and concise.
Discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined results and discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a discussion or results and discussion section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Essential title page information
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the methodology, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords. Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. Individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.) may be listed.
Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.
Please submit math equations as editable text and not as images. Present simple formulae in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of (e) are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.
Please make sure the artwork files are in the format of (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the appropriate resolution. If, together with the accepted article, submit a usable color figures then BUBAS will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place table notes below the table body. Please, do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article and avoid using vertical rules.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
References in a special issue
Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same special issue.
Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.
List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
Reference to a journal publication:
 Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J Sci Commun 2000;163:51–9.
Reference to a book:
 Strunk Jr W, White EB. The elements of style. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan; 1979. Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
 Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, editors. Introduction to the electronic age, New York: E-Publishing Inc; 1999, p. 281–304.
Note: Shortened form for last page number. e.g., 51–9 may be used, and that for more than 6 authors the first 6 should be listed followed by “et al.”
The following list could be useful during the final checking of an article prior to submission for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author or, a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves.
The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a personalized link providing free access to the final published version of the article on BUBAS. This link can also be used for sharing via email and social networks.
You can track your submitted and accepted article at http://sj.bu.edu.sa.
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